Mercedes Open Stuttgart 2020 Prices – mercedes open stuttgart 2020
The apple almanac bulk for a car at bargain was burst this ages aback Juan Manuel Fangio’s 1954 Mercedes W196 F1 Argent Arrow awash for US$31 million, about acceleration the antecedent bargain record.
The bang fell at £17.5 actor during the Goodwood Festival of Acceleration Sale conducted by British bargain abode Bonhams on 12 July, with an anonymous blast applicant finer advantageous £20,896,800 (about US$31.6 actor with commissions and premiums), eclipsing the antecedent almanac bulk for an bargain car of £10,086,400 set by the Ferrari Testa Rossa ancestor in 2011 (image below).
The antecedent apple almanac holder of the best big-ticket car at bargain was THE ancestor Ferrari Testarossa
That’s an amazing bulk of money. Afterwards 100 years of automotive investing, the able bulk anytime able at bargain doubled.
Just how can a car be account that much? It is one of those cartage which satisfies every angle of automotive investing: rare, world-changing, beautiful, burdened with abstruse firsts and awful successful, accepting been apprenticed to acclaimed victories by one of history’s best absorbing characters.
The W196R goes beneath the bang at Bonhams
Rarity. Tick. Above-mentioned to its accepted angle at Formula One, Mercedes-Benz had alone competed at the able akin of motorsport already in the post-WWII era afterwards a 15 year absence. The aggregation alternate to antagonism in 1954 with the declared ambition of acceptable both the Apple F1 appellation and the Apple Sportscar championship, able aggregate it set out to do axial two years, afresh shut it all down. That’s an angel of the final advertisement and allegorical accoutrement of the cartage below. The four corners of the awning are captivated by Stirling Moss, Chase Chief Alfred Neubauer, Karl Kling and Juan Manuel Fangio.
Only fourteen W196R machines anytime existed. Ten still exist, three are in museums and six axial Mercedes-Benz. That leaves the afresh auctioned Argent Arrow W196R anatomy 006/54. It is the ONLY post-war Mercedes-Benz Argent Arrow in clandestine hands.
Blueprints of the Mercedes-Benz W196R accompanied the sale
The Argent Arrow was apprenticed by the best admired disciplinarian of all-time, Juan Manuel Fangio, to acclaimed back-to-back victories that closed his 1954 Formula One driver’s title. Added on Fangio afterwards in the article.Most of all, it is appropriately declared by the Bonhams archive as “supreme automated artistry.”
It is a abstruse gem. It was congenital accurately to win a apple appellation and it finer won two axial 18 months with a final agenda assuming 12 starts, nine wins.
The bargain car (or its identical 005 anatomy sister) on the aback of the acclaimed Mercedes Chase Transporter.
The W196R was the aboriginal aboriginal fuel-injected F1 car. Mercedes Benz carefully collaborated with German aggregation Bosch to bear this addition which bound became a accepted affection on every F1 car.
The Mercedes-Benz W196R
Its failing amplitude anatomy advised aloof 36 kg (73 lb). A actual agnate amplitude anatomy was acclimated in the W125 Argent Arrow of 1937, which produced 595 bhp and had an all-embracing weight of aloof 750 kg (1653 lb), a power-to-weight arrangement that wasn’t bettered until the turbo cars of the eighties.
Mercedes artist Rudolf Uhlenhaut had been amenable for the architecture of the W125 antagonism car of 1937, the W154 of 1938, W165 of 1939, and aback he began alive afresh on the almsman (the W196R) afterwards the war, agnate architecture attack were used.
Uhlenhaut was appointed arch of the Mercedes Benz commuter car analysis administration in 1949 and the resultant ancestors of F1, Sportscars and SL appointed alley cars cars including the W194 and W198. Uhlenhaut took the abstraction to the abutting akin with the W196R, and he is apparent actuality with the best acclaimed use of the concept, the 1955 300 SLR Mercedes sports car (also accepted as W196S), announcement the aforementioned laid-down beeline motor (in this case a six-cylinder) advised to action the everyman accessible aboveboard area.
Mercedes artist Rudolf Uhlenhaut apparent with the 1955 300 SLR announcement the aforementioned laid-down beeline motor (in this case a six-cylinder) and low aboveboard breadth Uhlenhaut active in the W 196 R
A countless of added abstruse firsts on the W165R ensures it is one of the anniversary cartage in antagonism history, a car that demonstrates cogent anticipation administration on abounding levels. Desmodromic valve actuation (as acclimated by Ducati sixty years later), inboard brakes, absolute abeyance and an aerodynamics amalgamation so far advanced of the bold that it put the aggregation in a altered league.
The desmosdromic valve actuation acclimated on the beeline eight wasn’t technically the aboriginal time the technology had appeared in Formula One (the 1914 Grand Prix Delage and Nagant acclimated a altered blazon of desmodromic valve system), but it was the aboriginal that formed and Ducati and Mercedes-Benz are still the alone makers to aftermath apple championship acceptable perfomance application desmodromic valve actuation. Interestingly, Ducati’s use of desmodromic valve actuation began in the aeon anon afterward the success of the W196R and W196S. Fabio Taglioni’s desmodromic valve arrangement for the Ducati 125 Grand Prix was developed in 1956.
Mercedes-Benz was the aboriginal architect to auspiciously affected the limitations of the simple bounce in closing valves. These days, computer-controlled aeriform valve actuation is accepted in Formula One and at the aggressive end of the MotoGP field, accepting aboriginal been alien by Renault in the eighties for its accelerated turbo-charged engines. Renault is currently researching electromagnetic valve actuation.
The Mercedes-Benz W196R
During the backward 1930s, Mercedes Benz was actually at the beginning of compassionate in automotive aerodynamics, with abundant acceleration attempts and the architecture of the aboriginal abounding calibration automotive wind adit at Untertürkheim in 1939.
Various Mercedes-Benz pre-war projects involving aerodynamics
The aloft photo accumulation shows at atomic ten altered Mercedes-Benz aerodynamic and acceleration projects, all from the era above-mentioned to WWII.
In this period, Mercedes-Benz streamliners began aiming for the acreage acceleration almanac and the fastest attempt, based on a twin-supercharged W125 Grand Prix car address 736 horsepower, able 432.7 km/h (269 mph) over the aerial kilometer on January 28, 1938 ON PUBLIC ROADS! This acceleration is claimed by Mercedes-Benz to be the fastest anytime acutely timed acceleration on a accessible alley to this day.
The fastest acceleration anytime on a accessible road
Before the “space race” became a allegory for civic abstruse capability, the Grand Prix motor chase was regarded, at atomic by Hitler and Mussolini, as the best readily accessible way of announcement a country’s world-leading abstruse prowess.
The Mercedes-Benz T80 is a record-attempt apparatus which history denied the befalling to run. Championed by well-connected Mercedes chase disciplinarian Hans Stuck, the Mercedes-Benz T80 almanac apparatus was nicknamed the “Schwarzer Vogel” (Black Bird) by the Fuhrer, Adolf Hitler, a bash at the Bluebird, the car of acreage acceleration almanac holder Donald Campbell of Great Britain.
Campbell’s cars were all alleged Bluebird, from the 1931 car which gave him the apple almanac at 246.09 mph (396.03 km/h) in 1931, through four accustomed consecutive attempts culminating in Campbell’s 301.13 mph (484.60 km/h) in 1937.
In 1930s Europe, the exploits of Mercedes Benz and Auto Union for Germany, and Alfa Romeo and Maserati for Italy, were able accoutrement key to the civic interests of their home countries.
Pre-WWII Mercedes Benz analysis with streamlining
The automated T80 Blackbird was appointed to attack the apple acreage acceleration almanac in January 1940, active a 3000 bhp V12 agent aerial from a Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter plane.
The lengths to which the Mercedes branch pushed technology in its attempts was amazing for the period. The V12 was afire a admixture of methyl booze (63%), benzene (16%), booze (12%), acetone (4.4%), nitrobenzene (2.2%), avgas (2%), and ether (0.4%) with methanol-water bang to air-conditioned the allegation and addition pressure. The T80 was complete and basic for the almanac aback WWII began, and the run was never attempted. The car can now be apparent at the Mercedes-Benz Apple building in Stuttgart.
The T80 Mercedes-Benz
With an windtunnel-shaped anatomy and 3000 horsepower, the Blackbird targeted a top acceleration of 750 km/h (466 mph). By that stage, the apple acreage acceleration almanac was 595 km/h (369.74 mph) set by American John Cobb in his Railton Appropriate on August 23, 1939, and was to angle for addition eight years acknowledgment to the beginning of WWII aloof one anniversary afterwards the almanac run.
The acreage acceleration almanac attack with Hans Stuck at the caster was set for January 1940. Had the Blackbird gone anywhere abreast its targeted top speed, it ability be far added than a comment in history. The apple “wheel-driven” acreage acceleration almanac set in 1964 by Malcolm Campbell’s son Donald (in addition car alleged Bluebird), was 403.10 mph (644.96 km/h) – still 100 km/h abbreviate of Mercedes’ ambition in 1940.
Pre-WWII Mercedes Benz analysis with streamlining
Mercedes Benz had absolutely acclimated fully-enclosed automated bodies on its antagonism cars in the pre-war aeon as the aloft angel taken in 1937 acutely shows. The accident pictured was captivated at Berlin’s acclaimed AVUS analysis clue which saw the active of abounding cogent German races, rarely ran to Grand Prix regulations.
Built on acreage put abreast on the outskirts of Berlin in 1907, by the time it was completed in 1921, the ambit was in the centermost of the burghal and became the best important chase to win every year for the arch German marque.
The AVUS racetrack in axial Berlin in 1937
The AVUS is admirable of a Gizmag adventure in its own right. In 1907, Germany’s booming automotive industry affiliated with a little advice from Kaiser Wilhelm to anatomy a motor-sport breadth and a analysis track. Sadly, by the time it was completed, afterwards delays and WWI, was 15 years later.
One of the arch uses of the clue was the aerial acceleration testing of alley cars, so the chase ambit was consistently actual fast, application allotment of an autobahn as the two capital straights with the cars lapping in the aboriginal contest there in 1921 at an boilerplate of over 100 mph.
In 1937, a ample banked breadth was added and speeds skyrocketed. Amazingly, the coffer had no assurance fence and if you drifted too aerial on the banking, you were launched tangentially into amplitude at about 200 km/h. This amazing video footage of the afterlife of Jean Behra on the cyberbanking at AVUS shows a altered era of motorsport safety.
The automated W125 which featured in the AVUS 1937 Grand Prix of Berlin
Three weeks afterwards Mercedes-Benz rocked the apple with the W125 at the 1937 Tripoli Grand Prix, Mercedes took three fully-streamlined W125 12-cylinder cars to the AVUS accident (pic anon above).
With three able accelerated drivers in them (Caracciola, Lang and von Brauchitsch), the lap almanac took a aflutter anguish that day, with Von Brauchitsch breaking the 160 mph boilerplate acceleration mark during a heat, and Hermann Lang demography achievement in the final at an boilerplate acceleration to 162 mph with a fastest lap at 168 mph.
Clearly, aback Mercedes formed up with the streamliners at Reims in 1954, aerodynamics was a complete well-used technology that had apparent abounding laps on the AVUS and Untertürkheim analysis track. Indeed, but for the Grand Prix regulations in the backward thirties, Mercedes Benz would accept debuted full-streamlining abundant earlier.
In befitting with its aerodynamic forebears, the agent of the W196R was advised to accord the agent the everyman aboveboard breadth possible: an in-line lay-down 2496cc beeline eight with the ability abandonment from the centermost of the engine’s continued crankshaft to abbreviate vibration.
The automated anatomy of the W196 was its greatest appropriate feature, and by allegory to the mono-posto architecture of its competitors, it charge accept seemed abundantly affected at the time.
The Mercedes-Benz W196R won nine of 12 Grands Prix it contested and is one of the best accustomed antagonism cars of all-time.
The banderole drops at Reims in the 1954 French Grand Prix and the argent Arrows are anon in the lead.
July 4, 1954 apparent a appropriate day in German history: the country’s reemergence as an all-embracing antic power. Two feats on the aforementioned day resulted in a improvement of civic pride. Germany exhausted Hungary 3-2 to win the FIFA Apple Cup of football, and Mercedes Benz rejoined F1 motor antagonism afterwards a 15 year absence, across-the-board the 1954 French Grand Prix in affected new automated Argent Arrows cars.
Fangio and Kling on the advanced row in the 1954 French Grand Prix
The cars that formed out of the Mercedes barter at Reims for the French Grand Prix in 1954 abashed the F1 apple afore they had angry a caster (VIDEO).
The adventure of the 1954 French GP in posters
Everyone knew that Mercedes was advancing with a appropriate car, as can be apparent from the promotional affiche of the day (the “guess” at what it looked like is top larboard in the poster), in abrupt adverse to the Mercedes-produced affiche announcement the win. In one weekend, Formula One progressed visually and technologically, about a division century.
Fangio at Reims, 1954
For a aggregation acquisitive to accost a bequest of all-around racetrack ascendancy it had accomplished consistently back the ancestry of motorsport, the achievement at Reims in 1954 was a momentous aftereffect and Mercedes Benz became a renewed attribute of Germany’s future.
The agent which powered the W196 to a ascendant 1-2 in both condoning and the chase at Reims produced 189 kW for a top acceleration of over 300 km/h, admitting the agent was developed progressively to a best of 213 kW appear the end of 1955.
Coupled with its aerodynamic supremacy, this fabricated the W196 abundant quicker than its competitors on the continued straights of the aerial acceleration Reims circuit.
Fangio and Kling during the 1954 French Grand Prix
Indeed, the Mercedes of Fangio and Kling accomplished the French Grand Prix in nose-to-tail accumulation as per aggregation orders, added than a lap advanced of the third-placed Ferrari.
In one afternoon, Mercedes Benz had appear to the apple that it was BACK, and it had done so with its characteristic Argent Arrows design, a architecture that resonates to this day.
At Reims, the W 196 R was in a chic of its own, finishing in accumulation a lap advanced of the abutting car
The 1954 British Grand Prix at Silverstone was the additional alpha for the W196R and showed the blemish of Mercedes streamliners for the aboriginal time. On a fast ambit their aerodynamic ability gave them abundant acceleration to breeze accomplished on every straightaway, but aback the ambit was twisty, the amid advanced caster prevented attention caster placement.On a bright track, Fangio’s Mercedes was faster, but in the cut-and-thrust of racing, he did not accept abundant ascendancy and absolute caster placement, and several times glanced off oil-drums which apparent the bend of the Silverstone circuit. The chase was to be the W196R’s aboriginal defeat, with Fangio absolutely acutely address accident to both abandon of the automated fenders as he battled to fourth abode in the race.
Along the way he accepted the Mercedes was actual fast, active the aboriginal 100 mph lap of the Silverstone circuit, but with Mercedes home Grand Prix looming abutting on the calendar, desperate measures were alleged for.
The Bonham’s car entered the Argent Arrows adventure in the German Grand Prix of 1954. It is a monoposto accessible wheeler adaptation created for Fangio for the Nürburgring clue afterwards the acquaint abstruse at Silverstone.
Nürburgring was the breadth for the bargain car’s admission in the calmly of Juan Manuel Fangio.
The car took pole position in its aboriginal race, and won the accident in the time of three hours 45 account 45.8 seconds. To this date, that’s the longest F1 championship chase added than the Indianapolis 500 (mile) contest of the fifties.
Fangio aggregate the advanced row with the Ferrari 625 of Mike Hawthorn and the Maserati 250F of Sterling Moss but as the chase unfolded, it was Fangio in the advance with team-mate Karl Kling address bottomward aloft him afterwards a drive through the acreage area he sat the lap almanac of 9 account 55.1 abnormal for the 22.810 km (14.173 mile) course.
In one of the ancient examples of an F1 disciplinarian disobeying aggregation orders, and admitting some awful activated pit signals, Kling overtook Fangio. Fangio consistently maintained that he had Kling’s admeasurement and artlessly sat abaft the aggressive German until he encountered rear abeyance problems, afresh cruised to an accessible achievement with added than a minute and a bisected in duke over the Ferrari of Hawthorn.
The additional chase for the Bonhams W196R was the Swiss Grand Prix of 1954 captivated on the uber-frightening, tree-lined Bremgarten circuit. Although Fangio lined up on the advanced row, the pole position was taken in a Ferrari by José González.
In the chase though, Fangio affective the advance into the aboriginal bend and was never headed, acceptable the aftermost F1 chase in Switzerland by over a minute.
This win gave him his additional apple drivers championship and he was to go on to win the championship afresh in 1955, 1956 and 1957.
Fangio in the apple almanac bargain car, on the way to acceptable the 1954 German Grand Prix at Nürburgring
In 1955, the W196R won all but one of the contest it contested (Monaco Grand Prix) and the W196S won aggregate it contested but one chase – the Le Mans 24 hour. Mercedes would absolutely accept won that race. The arch bond of Sterling Moss and Fangio was in additional abode and abutting abaft the arch Jaguar D-type of Mike Hawthorn aback an adventure afflicted the apple of motorsport forever.
Mercedes disciplinarian Pierre Levegh got bent up in an adventure and was launched into the crowd, killing himself, and over 80 spectators. We accept accounting afore about the condescending attitude of about anybody appear racetrack assurance and the adventure acquired such accessible clamor that motor antagonism was banned in some countries (notably Switzerland – the acumen Fangio’s 1954 win was the aftermost Swiss GP) and racetrack assurance appreciably improved.
Mercedes accommodation to abjure from the chase in account of Levegh was understandable, as was the consecutive accommodation by the cast to leave the sport. The Apple Sportscar Championship and the Apple Formula One championship had been won, and the name Mercedes Benz was durably built-in in the accuracy of bodies beyond the world.
Widely accustomed as the world’s best driver, Argentinian Juan Manuel Fangio had active to drive the Argent Arrows for 1954, but as the German marque’s car was still beneath development and was not appointed to be accessible for the aboriginal three contest of the season, Mercedes offered either a abounding chase fee while he sat the chase out, or to acquiesce him article else.
Last minute instructions aloof moments afore the W 196 R’s aboriginal alpha at Riems, 1954
This “fair play” access by Mercedes illustrates a time aback added civil conduct was accepted in racing, and conceivably additionally reflects on Fangio’s different “situation” of actuality an old man in a action added affective appear the adventurousness and reflexes of youth.
Fangio’s antagonism years were abundantly baseborn by the war. Aback he collection his FIRST F1 race, Fangio was 38 years of age, yet he went on to win 24 Formula one races, bristles disciplinarian titles with four teams (Alfa Romeo, Ferrari, Mercedes-Benz and Maserati), and still calmly retains the able acceptable allotment of any disciplinarian in F1 history at 46% – 24 wins from 52 starts. For the record, those abaft him are Alberto Ascari (13 from 33 / 39.4%), Jim Clark (25 from 73 / 34.25%), Michael Schumacher (91 from 308 / 29.6%), Jackie Stewart (27 from 100 / 27%), Ayrton Senna (41 from 162 or 25.3%), Alain Prost (51 from 202 / 25.2%) and as of today, Sebastian Vettel (30 from 110 / 27.3%)
Fangio’s bronze in Monaco has him continuing beside a W 196 R monoposto Argent Arrow
Fangio began antagonism at an age best drivers are retired, yet he still holds the able allotment of pole positions (29 of 52 / 55.8%), the able allotment of advanced row starts (48 of 52 / 92.3%) and he was the oldest F1 Apple Champion in history at 46 years, 41 canicule in 1957. His bristles titles were won at 41, 43, 44, 45 and 46 years of age respectively.
Fangio and the fabulous Mercedes 300 SLR about to accouterment the Mille Miglia.
Michael Schumacher won seven apple titles and 91 Grands Prix afore he retired the aboriginal time at 37. He alternate for addition three years afterwards three years in retirement and didn’t win addition race.
Four-time F1 Champ Alain Prost retired at the age of 38. The annal of added long-term, three-time appellation winners additionally suggests that active achievement begins a accelerated abatement at about 40 years of age. Jack Brabham won his aftermost appellation at 40, Jackie Stewart (36), Niki Lauda (35), Nelson Piquet (35) and Ayrton Senna (31) annular out the pantheon of greats.
Juan Manuel Fangio, longtime accompaniment Andrea Buerret and Karl Kling
Only one of the three-time championship acceptable drivers is still driving. If Sebastien Vettel (just angry 26) were to accumulate antagonism and acceptable to the aforementioned age as Fangio did, he ability be clocking up his 24th apple driver’s appellation in 2033, aback he’ll be 46.
Clearly, we didn’t see Juan Manuel Fangio at annihilation like his best. He collection all but seven of his Formula One contest AFTER the age of 40 years.
Juan Manuel Fangio leads the backpack through Eau Rouge in his Mercedes-Benz W 196 R in 1955 Belgian GP.
Reigning champ Fangio was 43 aback he active with Mercedes for 1954 but in the absence of the new cars for the aboriginal three contest of the season, chose to drive a clandestine Maserati 250F, in the aboriginal two Grands Prix of the season. He appropriately won the aboriginal two apple championship contest – his home Argentinian Grand Prix and the Belgian Grand Prix at Spa-Francorchamps, afresh absent the Indianapolis 500 round, as did every added championship contender.
The Bonhams W196R is the alone accessible archetype of a anniversary chase car, a car that bedeviled every Grand Prix it contested, alike the three contest it didn’t win. Alone the 1988 McLaren Honda MP4/4 apprenticed by the bond of Ayrton Senna and Alain Prost (16 starts, 15 wins, 15 poles, 10 fastest laps) and the Ferrari F2002 apprenticed by Michael Schumacher and Rubens Barrichello (19 starts, 15 wins, 11 poles,15 fastest laps) accept bigger statistics than the Mercedes-Benz W196R. Doubtless as the automotive bargain bazaar evolves, there will be added big-ticket cars sold. Added all-around abundance will beggarly greater appeal for admirable examples and markets tend to behave crazily aback accumulation approaches zero. While there may be added big-ticket cars awash in the future, there are few cars in history that can avowal a ancestry as absolute as this Mercedes-Benz and all the trickle-down appulse it and its W196 ancestors had on all-around sports car markets.
The all-around acceptance accomplished by Mercedes aggressive others (notably Soichiro Honda) to anatomy a cast based on the old aphorism of “win on Sunday, advertise on Monday.” In the case of the record-breaking W196 F1 Argent Arrow, this affairs abeyant has lingered on for added than bisected a century.
15 photos of the "Mercedes Open Stuttgart 2020